Allahabad , or Settled by God in Persian, is a name given by Mughal kings to the ancient Prayag, being the second oldest city of India, in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and administrative headquarters of Allahabad District. Allahabad is one of the fastest growing cities in India at present. It is located 205 kilometres (127 mi) south of state capital Lucknow. The ancient name of the city Prayag (Sanskrit rferes to it as a "place of sacrifice") and is believed to be the spot where Brahma offered his first sacrifice after creating the world. It is one of four sites of the mass Hindu pilgrimage Kumbh Mela, the others being Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik. It has a position of importance in Hindu scriptures for it is situated at Triveni Sangam, the confluence of the holy rivers Ganges and Yamuna, and the ancient Sarasvati River.
Many government offices of both central and state government are present in the city, such as the Allahabad High Court, the Principal Accountant General Office (AG office), the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission Office, Uttar Pradesh Police Head Quarters, headquarters of the North Central Railway, the regional office of the Central Board of Secondary Education and the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education , Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Seva Chayan Board Allahabad ,Principal Controller of Defence Accounts (Pensions) Allahabad, etc.
Allahabad is home to seven out of fourteen Prime Ministers of India. Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Gulzarilal Nanda, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Chandra Shekhar were all either born in Allahabad, were alumni of Allahabad University or got elected from a constituency in Allahabad.
The Government of India has selected Allahabad as one of the mission cities for the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, with the goals of improving urban infrastructure, efficient governance and basic services to urban citizens
Allahabad features the typical version of a humid subtropical climate that is common to cities in north-central India. Allahabad experiences three seasons: hot dry summer, cool dry winter and warm humid monsoon. The summer season lasts from April to June with the maximum temperatures ranging from 40 °C (104 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F). Monsoon begins in early July and lasts till September. The winter season lasts from December to February. Temperatures rarely drop to the freezing point. Maximum temperatures are around 22 °C (72 °F) and minimum around 10 °C (50 °F). Allahabad also witnesses severe fog in January resulting in massive traffic and travel delays. It does not snow in Allahabad.
Lowest temperature recorded, −2 °C (28.4 °F) −2 °C; highest 48 °C (118 °F) 48 °C.
Allahabad is served by the Allahabad Airport (Bamrauli Air Force Base) and is linked to Delhi and Kolkata (Calcutta) by JetLite and Air India Regional. Other larger airports in the vicinity are at Varanasi 142 km (88 mi)) and Lucknow (Amausi International Airport 200 km (120 mi)).
National Highway 2 runs through the middle of the city. National Highway 2 is also proposed as one of the routes of Golden Quadrilateral Highway, Delhi-Kolkata section, but it runs out of the city through newly constructed bypass. NH 96 connects to NH 28 at Faizabad. Another is NH 27 which is 93 km (58 mi) long and starts from Allahabad and ends at Mangawan in Madhya Pradesh connecting to National Highway 7. A four lane access controlled bypass road of 84.7 km aided by World Bank is completed.
There are other state highways that link Allahabad to all other parts of the country. A number of road bridges on rivers Ganges and Yamuna have been built to connect Allahabad with its suburb towns like Naini, Jhusi etc. A new eight lane access controlled expressway - Ganga Expressway is also proposed to pass through Allahabad. A 8 laned outer ring road is proposed in the Allahabad district.
NH 27 Connecting Allahabad to Madhya Pradesh.
Allahabad also has three bus stands catering to different routes. The buses from western destinations like Delhi, Agra, Lucknow and Kanpur halt at Leader Road Bus Stand. The Zero Road Bus Stand serves the buses going on the southern route i.e. Mahoba and Satna. Buses from Varanasi and other eastern towns arrive at M.G. Road Bus stand.
City buses,Tourist taxis, auto rickshaws (or tempos) are available for local transport. There are also city buses service run by UPSRTC as well as private operators that connects various parts of the city.There are around 150 city buses that are run by UPSRTC under the name Allahabad Mahanagar Bus sewa and about 50 buses run by private operators. But the most convenient method of local transport inside the city is the cycle rickshaw.NH 76,and 24B connects to Rajasthan state, and Lucknow respectively.
Served by Indian Railways, Allahabad is the headquarters of the North Central Railway Zone, and is well connected by trains with all major cities, namely, Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Indore, Lucknow, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack Bangalore and Jaipur. Allahabad has eight railway stations with in its city limits namely Prayag , Allahabad City (Rambagh), Daraganj, Allahabad Junction, Naini Jn, Prayag Ghat, Subedar Ganj & Bamrauli.