Goa is India's smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Located in South West India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast. Goa is India's richest state with a GDP per capita two and a half times that of the country as a whole.It was ranked the best placed state by the Eleventh Finance Commission for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the best quality of life in India by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators.
Panaji is the state's capital, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants, and conquered it soon thereafter. The Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years, until it was annexed by India in 1961.
Renowned for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture, Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year. It also has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range, which is classified as a biodiversity hotspot.
Goa has a very improved network of airways, which has made the state to remain connected with the most of the important cities of India. The Dabolim Airport of Goa is located 30 km from Panaji, the capital city of the state. It is situated near Vasco-da-Gama, the port town of Goa. The airport is owned by Indian Navy and various national and international flights are operated. Some of the major airlines which have regular flights to and from Goa are Indian Airlines, Sahara Airlines, Jet Airways, Spicejet, JerLite, Kingfisher Red, Kingfisher Airlines, Paramount Airways, IndiGo Airlines and MDLR Airlines. In addition to passenger planes, cargo planes are also operated from Dabolim airport.
Various chartered flights from England and various other European countries are operated from Goa. Some of the major cities of India where flights from Goa are operated include Ahmedabad, Calicut, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai, Chandigarh, Delhi, Cochin, Lucknow, Mumbai, Mangalore, Pune, Srinagar, Hyderabad, Delhi, Trivandrum and Srinagar.
How to reach Goa – By Road
The highly structured network of roadways helps the state to remain connected with the principal metropolitan cities of India. The National Highways, 4A, 17A and 17 connects the various Indian cities. National Highway 17 connects Goa with Karnataka, Maharasatra and with some parts of Kerala.
National Highway 17A is a shorter highway joins the east coast of Goa with the west coast.
National Highway 4A that crosses Panaji connects with cities like Belgaum with Karnataka and other important cities of this South Indian state.
How to reach Goa – By railways
The planned railways network of Goa has the state to remain connected with other major cities of India. Express train of the Konkan Railway line connects Goa with Delhi, Mumbai, Thiruvananthapuram and Vadodara.
How to reach Goa – By waterways
Catamaran services are operated from Mumbai to Panaji.