Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the popular national parks in India located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh. Bandhavgarh was declared a national park in 1968 with an area of 105 km². The buffer is spread over the forest divisions of Umaria and Katni and totals 437 km². The park derives its name from the most prominent hillock of the area, which is said to be given by Hindu Lord Rama to his brother Laxman to keep a watch on Lanka (Ceylon). Hence the name Bandhavgarh.
This park has a large biodiversity. The density of the tiger population at Bandhavgarh is one of the highest known in India. The park has a large breeding population of Leopards, and various species of deer. Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa captured a white tiger in this region in 1951. This white tiger, Mohan, is now stuffed and on display in the palace of the Maharajas of Rewa.
The Famous Tigers of Bandhavgarh:
Bandhavgarh is home to the highest density of Bengal tigers known in the world. It is known to be a place for some of the most well known tigers throughout the world. The tiger, Charger became the first known healthy male living in Bandhavgarh since the 1990's. He was named so because he would charge upon elephants and travelers but would cause no harm. He did it just for fun. A female known as Sita too ruled over Bandhavgarh for many years. Sita is known to be the most photographed tiger in the world. Most of the tigers of Bandhavgarh are genes of Sita and Charger. Sita became so famous that she used to be the cover girl of national geographic magazine. Another female known as Mohini took over the reign when she gave birth to three cubs B1, B2, B3. But Mohini came across a series of incidents which unfortunately separated her from her cubs. In 2003, she was hit by a vehicle at night while crossing the road and suffered wounds. Soon after some days, she was crossing the road made for vehicles, when she was on one side of the road and her cubs were on the other side. Immediately, tourists came in the middle and she lost contact with her cubs. She faced them by leaping on one of the vehicles. However the tourists made sure, she was driven away. But after that she never made it to her cubs since she was wounded before. Charger died in 2002. Later in 2003 and further till 2006 unfortunately, B1 was electrocuted and B3 was killed by poachers. Sita was killed by poachers. Mohini died by suffering heavy wounds on her body. However, the fully grown B2 became the only ruler of the forest during 2004 to 2007. Later, he mated with a female in the Siddhababa region of Bandhavgarh and fathered three cubs. One of them was a male. This new male was first sighted in 2008. Now he rules over Bandhavgarh just like his father and his great grandfather. Whereas one of the daughters has known to mate with another male tiger who is likely to challenge B2's son to rule.
There are three well defined seasons - the cool (from middle of October to end of February ), the hot (from march to middle of June), and the wet (from middle of june to middle of October.
The mean annual rainfall is 1,173 mm coming mostly in the rainy season (middle June to September). The temperature ranges from a maximum of 42 C in may and June to around 4 C (4 degree Celcious ) in winter. Casual Summer clothing of natural colors is best from march to may. Sunglasses and sunhats are preferable. From November to Febuary carry warm clothing for chilly mornings and misty evenings. The ideal season for tiger spotting is from November to June.