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Warangal : Overview
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Area Size :  12,846 Sq. Km.   Population :  1.3 Millions.  
Popular Languages :  Telugu, Urdu  
Warangal > Warangal

Warangal also known as Orugallu, and Ekasila Nagaram) is a city and a municipal corporation in Warangal district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Warangal is located 145 km northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad  and is the administrative headquarters of Warangal District. It is the fourth largest city in Andhra Pradesh with a population of nearly 10to12 lakhs. It is called a tri-city including Hanamakonda and Kazipet.

Warangal was the capital of a Hindu Shaivaite kingdom[citation needed] ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The old name of this newly formed city is Orugallu. Oru means one and Kallu means stone. The entire city was carved in a single rock, hence the name Orukallu meaning 'one rock' (Ekasila nagaram in Sanskrit). The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Famous or well-known rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rani (queen) Rudrama Devi. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis. Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb  conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad  in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.

 

Best Time to Visit : The climate of Warangal is some what pleasant, so one can visit the city any time throughout the year.

Warangal by Road: National Highway No-202 traverses from Warangal, connecting it with Hyderabad and other major cities. There are regular bus services, which link this city with Hyderabad, Yadagirigutta, Vijayawada, Armur, Kolanupaka, Jangaon, Kodad, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Adilabad, Suryapet, Palampet, Jagtial, Khammam, Bhadrachalam, Basara, Bangalore, Mysore and Tirupati.

Warangal by Rail: The best way to reach the city is by railways. Almost all the trains that ply on the Chennai-New Delhi Trunk train route stop at the city station. Warangal by Air: Hyderabad Airport is the nearest one, located about 140 km from Warangal. It is connected with all the major cities of India and few of the international cities as well. To cover further distance, you can take private bus services or hire taxis.

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