Vijayawada earlier known as Bezawada, is the third largest city in Andhra Pradesh, India, located on the banks of the Krishna River and bounded by the Indrakiladri Hills on the West and the Budameru River on the North. The city is located in the Krishna District, about 275 kilometres (171 mi) from the state capital Hyderabad.The Chalukyas of Kalyan once conquered this place. Vijayawada literally translates to "The Place of Victory". Vijayawada is also a centre of Andhra politics. Its prominence as a major trading and business center has earned it the title of the "Business Capital of Andhra Pradesh”. Situated along the Chennai-Howrah and Chennai-Delhi Railway route, this is the 3rd largest railway junction in the world.
The discovery of Stone Age artifacts and remains along the banks of the river from Machilipatnam to Nagarjuna Sagar indicates that this area was inhabited at that time.
The famous Chinese traveler Xuanzang (Hsuan-tsang) visited this place in 639 AD, when Buddhism was at its zenith in the region. Kings Choda Gangadeva and Ananga Bhimadeva of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty in the 12th century, whose capital was in modern Bhubaneswar and who built the Lingaraj temple, had re-annexed a considerable part of the modern Andhra region and marched up to Godavari but could not cross the wide river. He established a town 'Vijaya Bahuda'(Oriya) which means 'return after winning' which became known as Vijayawada. According to Vishnu Puranam, King Madhava Varma built the kingdom of Vijayawada and he was the ancestor of Poosapati Kings of Vizianagaram. He also built the Holy Temple of Kanaka Durga in Indrakiladri. During the British Raj the city experienced significant growth. In particular, the completion of the Prakasam Barrage in 1959, and railway bridge on the Krishna River have helped the region expand its agriculture and commercial base. Vijayawada Railway station is one of the busiest railway junctions in India. The regions around the city have fertile soil and are irrigated by the river Krishna. It is the third largest junction in Asia.
Reach Vijayawada by Road: The city has a good network of roads that connect Vijayawada with all the places within the state and also with the major cities in India. One can also go to interesting Buddhist places by buses of Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC). Local Transport : For local transportation tourist taxis, metered taxis, auto rickshaws, and cycle rickshaws are available. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) offers bus services, connecting important places within the city and with each other.
Reach Vijayawada by Rail: Situated along the Chennai- Howrah and Chennai-Delhi rail route, Vijayawada is the largest railway junction of the South Central Railway. There are a number of express and super fast trains, connecting Vijayawada with almost all the important places of the country. Reach Vijayawada by Air: The nearest airport is the domestic airport located at Gannavaram, about 20-km, from the city. It connects Vijayawada to Hyderabad and Vishakhapatnam. It is just a 30-minute flight away from Hyderabad.
The domestic airport located at Gannavaram, about 20 km from the city,connects Vijayawada to Hyderabad and Bangalore.