Hyderabad The Second Silicon Valley of India
Hyderabad is the capital city of Andhra Pradesh and the fifth largest city of India. It is known as the City of Pearls and the City of Nizams.
The city has been classified as an A-1 city in terms of development priorities, due to its size, population and impact. The city is home to the world's largest film studio, the Ramoji Film City as well as the second largest film industry in the country, the Telugu Film Industry known popularly as Tollywood. It is also a sporting destination with many national and international games conducted here, and is the home of the Deccan Chargers. The people here are called Hyderabadis. The city is regarded as a blend of traditionality with modernity.
Although Hyderabad was founded less than 500 years ago, archaeologists have unearthed Iron Age sites near the city that could date back to 500 BC. The places around Hyderabad were ruled by the Mauryan Empire (reign of Ashoka) during this period.In subsequent centuries the area was ruled by several Buddhist and Hindu kings. It was under the control of Chalukya kings for a long time. When the Chalukya kingdom became weak, Kakatiyas, who were feudal chieftains of Chalukya, declared independence and setup their own kingdom around Warangal (a place in Andhra Pradesh). But Warangal was again conquered by Muhammad bin Tughluq's forces from the Delhi Sultanate in 1321 AD which brought anarchy to the region.
The early history of Hyderabad is associated with the Qutb Shahi Dynasty. All seven Qutb Shahi sultans were fond of learning and were great builders. They contributed to the growth and development of Indo-Persian and Indo-Islamic literature and culture in Hyderabad. They had also created a very good atmosphere for the development of Telugu literature. By the middle of 17th century, Hyderabad saw some shift in power. It went in the hands of Mughal emperor who ruled for four decades. In the subsequent periods, Hyderabad came under the control of Nizams. Hyderabad was a princely state under the Nizams, and was the largest known princely state in India with an area larger than England.
After India’s independence in 1947, the Nizam declared his intention to remain independent, either as a sovereign ruler or by acquiring Dominion status within the British Empire. But due to Sardar Patel’s involvement in the matter, the state was integrated into the Indian union in 1948. Till 1956 Hyderabad continued as a separate state within the union. On November 1, 1956, the states of India were reorganized on linguistic grounds and the map of India got a new shape. Consequently, the territories of the State of Hyderabad were divided between newly created Andhra Pradesh, Bombay state (later Maharashtra), and Karnataka. Hyderabad and the surrounding areas were added to Andhra Pradesh based on Telugu linguistic majority, and Hyderabad was declared the capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Hyderabad has established itself as the leading destination for IT and IT-enabled services, pharmaceuticals call centres and entertainment industries. Many computer software companies, software consulting firms, business process outsourcing (BPO) firms, dealing with IT and other technological services firms have established their offices and facilities in the city since the 1990s.
The development of a township with state-of-the-art facilities called HITEC City prompted several IT and ITES companies to set up operations in the city. An aggressive promotion of growth in this area has led civic boosters to call the city Cyberabad
There have been extensive investments in digital infrastructure within the city promoting the setting up of several campuses by a vast array of companies within the city. This list includes several multinational corporations having established their development centres in the city. Major areas where such campuses have been set up are Madhapur, Kondapur, Gachibowli and Uppal.
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Golconda Fort (Historical Place)
Birla Mandir (Tourist Spot)
Ramoji Film City
Salarjung Museum (Tourist Spot)
Charminar (Historical Place)
Quli Qutb Shahi Tombs (Historical Places)